A type of fiberboard produced from wood or other materials, refined into fibers and processed with a binder (glue) carried out at elevated temperatures. MDF covers four main categories of wood based panels - laminated boards, particle boards, fiberboards and oriental strand boards.
Logs or timbers that have been processed in a mill or factory as opposed to 'handcrafted'. Milled logs are cut by a machine producing a uniform diameter or style and are the most common method of log home building today. Milling produces logs of uniform size in a wide variety of profiles allowing for tight fitting logs and a variety of finishing options. Typically, companies that offer milled round logs will offer a selection of diameters (i.e. 6", 8". 10" and thicker).
Patterned lumber for finish work such as crown molding, sash, doors, cornices, and other items of interior or exterior trim, but flooring or siding is not usually considered millwork (although it is milled - go figure).
The amount of water (moisture) contained within wood/logs. It depicts the percentage weight of water relative to the dry weight of the wood. Significant shrinkage from drying wood does not occur until all free water has been removed. Free water is found between wood cells and bound water is found within the cell walls. The point at which no free water remains and shrinkage begins is known as the fiber saturation point (FSP), which occurs at about 28 percent moisture content. See green wood.
A mortise is a hole, a cavity that can be round or rectangular that accommodates a tenon that snugs inside the mortise. A joint in which a shaped projection on one end of a timber is inserted into a corresponding slot in another timber. Mortise and tenon joinery is used extensively in timberframe construction. Learn more about mortise and tenon joinery. See 'blind mortise'.
Open mortise is the most common joint used in furniture making and timber framing; a mortise which has only three sides.
Stub mortise is a shallow mortise where the depth usually depends on the size of the timber.
Through mortise a mortise joint where the tenon passes entirely through a piece.
Wedged half-dovetail is a mortise where the back is wider, or taller, than the front, or opening. The space for the wedge initially allows room for the tenon to be inserted, the presence of the wedge, after the tenon has been engaged, prevents its withdrawal.
Through wedged half-dovetail - a wedged half-dovetail mortise which passes entirely through the piece.